This landscape is a place where, for centuries, the Maasai people have lived and kept intact, benefiting themselves, their livestock and wildlife. The area is still home to the majority of Kenya’s Maasai. Yet, today it is a threatened landscape, confronting a growing population, a culture in transition and land use changes that threaten critical habitats.
Understanding the lion Attacks on Humans and Livestock
Over a period of 26 months, lions attacked livestock 29 times, resulting in 41 livestock deaths and 19 injuries. There were also two attacks on people.
Lions preferred cattle over the more numerous sheep and goats. Attacks on livestock occurred mostly during the dry season and were not affected by changes in prey density or variation in pastoral settlement that brought livestock into closer proximity with lions
Incorporating social-ecological complexities into Conservation Policy
In the process of developing new conservation policies, policymakers must have access to information which will inform their decisions. Evidence rarely considers the complexities of social-ecological systems. The SocialEcological Systems Framework (SESF) is an adaptable yet structured approach for understanding the processes that lead to changes in natural resources, using a systems-based approach that aims to treat ecological and social components equally.
Conservation from the inside-out: Winning space and a place for wildlife in working landscapes
Using a case study in southern Kenya, we show that the conservation of large open landscapes, biodiversity and the coexistence between wildlife and livestock can be achieved indirectly by reinforcing pastoral practices that depend on open space, mobility, social networks and institutional arrangements governing common-pool resources.
Kenya’s South Rift Valley is a landscape where
the Maasai people have lived for centuries with
their livestock and alongside native wildlife.
The area is still home to a remarkable diversity
of human culture and biological diversity, but
today it is a threatened landscape, confronting
a growing population, a society in transition,
and land use changes that threaten critical
Rangelands across the world are home to millions of pastoral people and vast wildlife
populations, which create a complex landscape for conservation. Community based conservation has been used to promote human-wildlife coexistence on pastoral lands, protecting wildlife outside of official protected areas. With the spread of community based
conservation within the rangelands there is a need for more information on successful
Wildlife and livestock have coexisted across East African rangelands for millennia, tracking seasonal forage
availability across large landscapes. More recently however, free-ranging movements have been increasingly
restricted by land use changes, reducing the ability of livestock and wildlife to access necessary grazing resources, leading to both homogenization and degradation of the rangeland.
At the core of SORALO’s mission and work is ensuring that the
communal rangelands of Kenya’s Rift Valley are kept intact
and open, ensuring the continued seasonal movements of
livestock and wildlife. Across much of Kenya’s Maasai lands,
formerly communal rangelands have been subdivided into
individual plots, which leads to fencing and other barriers that
blocks the migration routes and corridors of cattle and wildlife
The South Rift Association of Land Owners (SORALO) represents the Maasai pastoralist communities of Kenya’s South Rift Valley region. Our work covers an area
of just over 1 million hectares comprising southern Kenya’s last remaining lands
where significant communal landholdings remain intact, traditional pastoralist
rangelands governance systems continue to function, and livestock and wildlife
continue to co-exist across large areas.